Assalamu’alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh,
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST BENEFICENT, THE MOST MERCIFUL
There is a great difference of opinion as far as the Muslims are concerned whether the music is allowed or not whether it’s permit or not but there is no Verse in the Quran directly prohibiting music but there are indications.
Allah says in the Quran in Surah Luqman (Chapter no 31, Verse no 6) it says that among them there are those people who purchase idol tales without the knowledge and without meaning and they mislead the people away from the path of Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) and they ridicule the path of Allah (subhanaw taala). These are the people who will receive a humiliating punishment so based on this if you see the Tafsir many of the Tafasir says that this idol tales without knowledge, without meaning, is refers to unislamic songs and the musical instruments, if you read the Tafasir as far as the Prophet prohibiting there are various Sahih Hadees so if you read the hadith of Muhammad (pbuh) then they will be no doubt whether it’s permitted or prohibited.
Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, it’s mentioned in Sahih Bukhari (Vol 7, Hadith 5590) the Beloved Prophet said that from among my followers there will be some people who will make illicit sex that is adultery and fornication as well as wearing of silk, drinking, intoxicants and using musical instruments as legal. There will be among my people who will make some things which are illegal that is adultery, fornication wearing of silk having toxicants and the playing of using instruments as legal now this Hadith when it says that they will make certain things legal and we know that intoxicants are haram.
We know very well the adultery, fornication haram because it is mentioned along with these things which are forbidden musical instruments are mention along with them. It indicates that the Prophet has prohibited them but some people will make it legal and we know there are some scholars who today do permit that playing of musical instruments is allowed so this hadith is very clear-cut in saying that musical instruments are haraam but there are other Sahih Hadith which do permit some musical instruments especially the Duff that is the tambourine.
If you read the Hadith of Beloved Prophet (pbuh) of Sahih Bukhari (volume 5, Hadith 4001) where it is said that Muhammad (pnuh) after consumating his marriage, He came and said outside along with one of the Sahabas, when two small girls were playing the tambourine that is a Duff and they were praising the Sahabah his father how he died in Jihad and when they started praising the Prophet, they said don’t praise me, you can say what you were saying earlier indicating that the Prophet did not forbid them from playing the tambourine, furthermore theere is Hadith Sahih Bukhari (Vol2, Hadith 987) where the Prophet while he was laying down.
This Hadith narrated by Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) she says that two small girls were playing the tambourine and they were singing when Hazrat Abu bakar (may Allah be pleased with him) the father of Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) he comes then he says to them to stop it, Muhammad (pbuh) was sleeping on a cot, he tells to Hazrat Abu bakar (may Allah be pleased with him) that let them do it, these are the days of eid, let them do it: furthermore there’s a Hadith in Trimidhi where our Beloved Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) He says that there was a person who approaches the Prophet and tells him that I had vowed to Allah (subhanaw taala) that if you come back victoriously I will sing and I will play the Duff, I will bang the tambourine, the Prophet said if have vowed then do it if you have not vowed then don’t do it so these Hadith do indicate that musical instrument per se is Haram except for the Duff that is the tambourine the Prophet did permit it one time.
ALLAH KNOWS BEST.