Assalamu’alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh,
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST BENEFICENT, THE MOST MERCIFUL
If Ruqyah is not the type that was prescribed in Islam, such as innovated ruqyah or shirki ruqyah (in which others are associated with Allah), then that could bring no benefit, whether for the one who recited the ruqyah or the one for whom it was done, especially if one of them follow some kind of shirk or innovation (bid‘ah) it will in turn cause harm to them.
The scholars of the Permanent Committee said:
The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) gave permission for doing ruqyah by reciting Qur’an, dhikr and du‘aa’, so long as it does not involve shirk or words of which the meaning cannot be understood, because of the report narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh from ‘Awf ibn Maalik, who said: We used to do ruqyah during the Jaahiliyyah, so we said: O Messenger of Allah, what do you think about that? He said: “Tell me what you say in ruqyah, for there is nothing wrong with ruqyah in which there is no element of shirk.”
The scholars are unanimously agreed that ruqyah is permissible if it is of the type mentioned above, whilst believing that it is a means that has no impact except by the decree of Allah, may He be exalted. from Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (1/244).
The one who recited any ruqyah that is not acceptable according to Islamic teachings must repent to Allah, may He be exalted, from that, and he must learn the Islamically-acceptable, Sunnah ruqyahs. Just as Islamically-acceptable ruqyah may be a means of healing by Allah’s leave, ruqyahs that are not Islamically acceptable may be the cause of troubles and calamities that befall a person. Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And whatever strikes you of disaster – it is for what your hands have earned; but He pardons much”
Allah knows best.